The bond of cats to humans in life is undisputed. It’s been a long time since our relationship with this animal was more than just a pet owner. You might like to adopt a cat. You may even own 1, 2 or more cats. But to say it is impossible to understand them all. There is so much to discover about this creature called the “supreme representative of the cuteness”.
Cats are often mentioned for their ability to see through the night. In the dark, cats’ eyesight is extremely sharp and they can see 5 to 7 times better than humans. But with hearing, I do not need any condition or environment to prove my ability. And it is no exaggeration to say that cats are one of the 10 animals with the most outstanding hearing ability in the animal kingdom.
Structure of cat ears
To answer the question “How Far Can Cats Hear?”, there is nothing more logical than to go from the cat’s ear structure – the source of this wonderful hearing.
In general, cat ears are quite similar to other mammals, including three structural areas: the outer ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. The outer ear is made up of ear speakers and ear canal. The task of the ear speaker is to collect sound waves and bring them down to the ear canal from which the sound will go straight into the middle ear. Cat’s ear speaker is like a phone and can rotate completely independently. Up to 30 muscle groups are well developed in this area to help them control the smallest movements of the ear. This turns the outer ear into a sophisticated satellite that is spinning its head to receive the signal. The rotation angle is opened up to 180 degrees so that they do not ignore the slightest noise.
The middle ear has a webbed membrane and very small bumps that vibrate with sound waves, helping to carry out the task of sending these vibrations into the inner ear.
In the inner ear, sensory cells move and bend so that signals travel to the auditory nerve to the brain for processing. In addition, the inner ear contains the vestibular system, providing a sense of balance and spatial orientation.
It can be said that this meticulously selected structure has helped cats to be able to hear and feel the sound so well.
How Far Can Cats Hear?
Cat ears can hear sounds ranging from 45 to 64kHz, wider than 64 to 23kHz in humans. This, combined with the wide-open angle and specially designed audio transmission system, greatly improves the distance that cats can hear.
There have not been many formal studies conducted to give accurate data on the distance that cats can hear. But according to my own research, this gap is extremely respectable. Cats can hear sounds at a distance of four or five times that of humans.
Let’s start from the first milestone
The noise coming from the mouse – the favorite prey of the cat. The cat’s ears are capable of hearing a series of distant sounds like a mouse rustling in the bush 30 feet away. If you look a little more closely, the limbs of the mouse are constructed with quite thick meat pads, giving them the ability to move smoothly. But that did not get out of the cat’s ears. The movements of the mouse can be detected at more than 60 feet (approximately 20m) by the cat.
With the footsteps of other animals such as chickens, duck or even humans, the distance the cat hears ranges from 100 to 145ft. That’s why when you are just about to head to the street, your cat will rely on hearing as well as the ability to recognize the familiarity of the sound that has appeared in the house to scratch and greet you.
And finally, sounds like loud music, car horns also show the cat listening at a great distance. Over 250ft! That’s the distance many sites specializing in animals like Canidae.com, Catheath.com … launched. And so it’s not uncommon for you to hug a cat and suddenly see him run away when you play an Eminem rap. But the sound of such intensity is really through endurance to the sharp hearing of cats.
But such figures have partly answered your questions yet?
Do not rush to agree. The cats’ hearing ability is also more clearly shown by the accuracy from the source location they detect. For those sources located 5-8 feet away from them, they can determine the exact location of these sources with an error of 0.15 to 0.31 feet. This means that they will almost immediately identify the owner, enemy or prey. Amazing, right?
Deafness in Cats
The ears are a powerful weapon for cats in both their daily life and hunting. Perhaps because of that value, the price of cats with deafness is not small.
Cats may be deaf. It was a sure affirmation.
According to the Veterinary Protection Cat Department, some cats are born deaf, but many cats lose their hearing as they get older. Sudden loss of hearing, which may be temporary or permanent, usually as a result of illness or other injuries.
There are two main types of deafness:
- Sounds do not get into the ears, as in the case of tumors, infections of the outer and middle ears, excessive wax or cat lice. This deafness can heal if the underlying cause is treated.
- The nerve connected to the ear does not work properly; it may be due to genetic resources, such as the case of some white cats, inner ear infections, drug poisoning, noise damage, age degeneration. These problems can cause permanent deafness.
There are a few things that CP recommended to cat owners to determine if their cat is deaf. In particular, when deaf, some cats will be louder and more loud than normal, because they will not adjust their volume, while others will become silent. But this method is really ineffective because many cats have adapted and can master other senses instead of ears.
So when there is a doubt about the hearing ability of your cat (they do not have biological reflexes with the sound source produced near or far), take them to the nearest veterinary facility for inspection. and take appropriate support measures.
Protect your cat’s ears
When your cat responds to loud music and/or excessive noise (as is common in action movies), this is an instinctive self-defense act. Pay attention to the signs your cat is showing and try to lower the volume when he or she is in the room.
Similar to humans, cats’ hearing problems may increase over time due to illness, infection, trauma, injury and old age. You can protect your pet’s hearing with devices like Mutt Muffs or simply earplugs made of foam or cotton.
Studying cats always brings me interesting things. Cat is not only a friend but also hidden behind that furry friend is a whole horizon of knowledge. Oh my god, how adorable are those little ears!