Cats are one of my favorite animals. And I think for a lot of people, that’s quite similar. A cute little cotton ball with an extremely cute “geez geez” ready to melt any heart. Cats have long been an important member of many modern families. But many people choose to keep this pet because of their appearance. Or people think that that it easy to raise a cat without even noticing. In fact, raising a healthy cat is a complex process and requires a lot of basic knowledge.
In no exaggeration, domestic cats (domesticated from their wild ancestors) possess a relatively weak immune system. They can easily become ill and sometimes from very normal behavior, your cat can have extremely dangerous health problems or even lose his life if not treated properly. and promptly. Anemia in cats is also a good example of this. A glance at the animal specialties page can see a lot of articles on this issue but with this “How To Treat Anemia In Cats?” article, I will try to simplify everything, every scientific concept. Because above all, I, like you, we all love and care for our pet cat.
So, what is anemia in cats?
For those who do not know or first heard of the concept, anemia says that they are anemic in terminology as well as anemia in cats. Many people confuse this as a disease but actually. It is the result of some other process or condition when the number of red blood cells circulating (red blood cells), hemoglobin (Hb) gets reduced by one. The unusual way in the cat’s body.
You can understand the mechanism of this is as simple as this: Initially, stemming from the bone marrow, red blood cells are produced continuously.
After being released, they will follow the blood flow to all parts of the body for about two months until they become old or damaged and are eliminated to make room for new red blood cells. The red blood cells, specifically the hemoglobin in them, are responsible for transporting oxygen to feed the parts of the body.
For several reasons, bone marrow cannot produce red blood cells promptly. And decreased red blood cells also means that the hemoglobin decreases and makes the cells do not get enough oxygen. So, from anemia, too many bad systems will appear and, worst of all, as I said, your cat may lose its life.
Causes and classification of anemia in cats
To find a cure for any kind of disease, there is no more effective way than to stem from its cause.
According to veterinarians, cat anemia have a variety of causes and for your convenience, I will divide them by the types of anemia that cats may have.
1. Regenerative Anemia
This is the first type of anemia I will tell you. In this case, the red blood cells will not be able to produce in time to meet the needs of the body and the spinal cord will respond to this situation by releasing immature red blood cells, called persimmons. reticulated, into the blood. These reticulocytes can fully mature, but they can still carry oxygen to supply parts of the body.
Regenerative Anemia can result from injuries such as a car crash or fall from above. And more dangerous, those injuries not only cause scratching or bleeding outside the body, but internal bleeding is also the “silent killer” of the cat. External bleeding can be easily checked only by observation and internal bleeding is not so easy. You may not know when the cat’s spleen is abnormal.
Besides, if blood loss has been eliminated, hemolysis may be the most reasonable explanation for this problem. In this case, the cat’s immune system will attack and destroy red blood cells during blood circulation. These “pointless attacks” come from cats being infected with viruses or contaminated with toxins (from eating onions, taking the wrong medicine that causes blood levels of phosphorus and zinc to increase). The cat’s immune system has trouble managing its functions.
And finally, the development of tumors in the body or infection with parasites during life can also be counted as a potential cause.
2. Non-regenerative Anemia
To my knowledge, non-renewable anemia is a quite complicated situation, bringing more harmful effects than recurrent anemia. You need to understand, the same is anemia, but in the case of not being able to regenerate, bone marrow completely does not perform its ability to be able to cope with the cat’s blood loss. This means that in addition to not being able to produce cells in time, it also cannot release internal reticulocytes to make up for the missing red blood cells. That is bad, right?
Non-renewable anemia can come from a variety of causes but the most common are some chronic diseases.
This can range from mild to severe depending on the type of disorder, the type of inflammation or infection and cancer your cat has. Infection with cats’ leukemia virus (FeLV) often results in very severe non-regenerative anemia.
But this case rarely happens. The most common of the main causes is chronic kidney disease. Like humans, cats’ kidneys filter hook and waste products. But not only that, but the kidney also acts as a “factory” producing a hormone called erythropoietin. This hormone is like an “additive” that helps the bone marrow make red blood cells.
When the kidneys fail, these hormones are not produced in time and therefore the bone marrow does not make as many red blood cells as the cat needs and results in anemia. This process will occur continuously and blood loss becomes an inevitable consequence that your beloved cat.
In addition to the reasons mentioned above, the parasites living on the cat’s body is also a danger that few people doubt me. Beetles that live on the host’s blood mechanism can become a threat to their hosts if the numbers are too large. Do not be too busy to neglect your cat because the taps of the mites or lice sooner or later can squeeze your cat’s body.
Signs of anemia in cats
Signs of cat anemia stem from a sharp decrease in the number of red blood cells in the cat’s blood. Not having enough hemoglobin keeps oxygen from being transported to nourish parts of the body. In general, the symptoms of anemia in cats are quite similar to most other ailments. This sometimes leads to confusion, which causes cat owners to be subjective. We can summarize them through the list as follows:
- Pale gums
- Increased heart rate
- Increased breathing
- Lethargy (excessive drowsiness)
- Reduce appetite
- The amount of water increased
The speed and density of manifestations depend greatly on the rate of red blood cell reduction in cats.
The first signs
The earliest and most obvious manifestation in your pet lies in the paleness of the tongue and gums. These two organs can be pale due to reduced oxygen in the blood. Without adequate oxygen, the heart must contract more to send the remaining oxygen throughout the body and thus the heart rate to increase. Someone likened the body of any creature to a machine with perfect cogwheels and that was further demonstrated when the oxygen level in the cat’s blood decreased. The respiratory system will have to work twice as much, triple as usual, and even more so if there is enough blood to feed the body. That is why breathing increased.
The after stage
When cats are anemic, their muscles cannot get the oxygen they need to function properly. So, they may not be able to run, jump or play. That makes them fall asleep, tired and sleep more than necessary. Clever taste buds function properly, causing the cat to lose interest in eating. And they tend to choose to drink more water to make up for the amount of food that should be in the stomach.
In complicated cases, the cat will lose a lot of blood and suddenly (due to trauma resulting in muscle tearing, heavy bleeding or internal bleeding), the cat’s body will suffer a rapid stroke due to the amount of oxygen pumped into the brain. little. Cats can die in just a few hours.
How to treat anemia in cats?
This is the central part of the article I want to convey to you. Determining the cause and symptoms of anemia is the key to helping your cat save her.
1. Early treatment
It is often said: “Prevention is better than cure.” So why don’t we stem from the causes of anemia in cats to find a solution? I call it “early treatment”.
* Blood loss due to physical influences from the outside
Let’s take a look at the most common cause of blood loss in cats: blood loss due to trauma, collisions… Generally, everything from outside can cause a physical impact on the cat. cat body and blood loss.
In this situation, you need to keep yourself calm. Try to stop your pet’s blood as quickly as possible by using gauze or putting pressure on the surrounding area. Then, use a clean cotton towel to stop the blood.
After that, all you need to do is take your cat to the nearest veterinary facility for minor operations.
* Blood loss due to physical effects from the inside
If your cat falls from a high place or is hit by a car but can still walk normally, don’t underestimate the case. Maybe something worse than that is about to come. Having them checked is the most sensible option. Or if you do not have time to do this, pay attention to the cat’s waste in the following days. If you find that blood is mixed, you need to collect this sample for testing and change your cat’s diet to softer foods.
Similar to the above case, the physical effects from the inside may come from excessive drug use or malignant tumors. Many medications, if taken for a long time, can cause ulceration of internal organs (NSAID medications such as Tylenol, Asprin, etc.). This type of injury is only determined by the veterinary system of veterinary clinics. So, the advice, in this case, is to suspend the use of the above drugs and take the cat to see a doctor regularly.
* Blood loss due to parasites or parasites
In this case, the cat has become a reluctant host to feed the pests.
Check it out by stroking the cat’s fur to spot “spoilers.” The most effective way, in this case, is to bathe your cat regularly. Every 2 days may be a good number. Mixed with that, you need to combine the use of drugs to eradicate fipronil or selamectin. Quickly isolate the cat from the outside environment. Temporary confinement to limit unnecessary contact with bug sources would be reasonable.
As for parasites, it usually takes a long time for you to discover their presence in your lovely cat. Take the cat to see you often. Along with that, make sure the cat’s food source is clean and has been cooked. If the preventive measure is out of date, attack them with antibiotics (of course you will need to consult a veterinarian!)
* Blood loss due to diseases
Chronic kidney disease or autoimmune disease (disorders of the immune system) are causes that, while quiet, can bring your cat to hell very quickly. Chronic kidney disease was mentioned in the previous section. An autoimmune disease is when the cat’s immune system fights off the reactions that make up the cells (which in this case are red blood cells), attacks and disconnects, leading to a deficiency. important.
Read carefully the signs I listed above and quickly get your cat to the clinic. Do it if suddenly one day they appear to be very dense. At the same time, try to learn a little more about drugs for treating anemia in cats, for example, Corticosteroids for autoimmune diseases are a specific drug that minimizes the reaction and allows the body to regenerate. Create red blood cells.
2. Treatment after finding the disease
If you allow anemia for a long time, please forgive me but I have to say the truth, you are a careless cat breeder.
Faded gums are also the time when the disease has extremely complex progress. Besides talking to your doctor, you need to be the cat’s doctor yourself.
Give your cat a more serious and complete diet to make up for the lost nutrients. Iron and B vitamins may be the best choice in this case. Foods containing these substances can include meat (beef or chicken), seafood, potatoes or sweet potatoes.
However, this diet must be accompanied by other treatments. You can apply additional measures of early treatment. In more complex cases, the color transfer can be an effective direct effect on our cat patients. The additional blood is the substrate that needed before taking more complex measures such as medication, surgery, and veterinary interventions.
One last thing I note is that all of the measures you take at home must be under the close supervision of a veterinarian.
A problem seems to be simple, but when exploiting deeply, there will be a lot of issues for analysis and analysis. For the health and well-being of your cat, do not underestimate anemia. Within the scope of today’s article, I have tried my best to convey to you the basic knowledge. But no matter how much you love your cat, how much he cares and cares for him/her, try to create a strong bond between your cat, yourself and your veterinarian. Equipping yourself with the necessary knowledge with the advice of a doctor is the most effective way. Wishing you success and your cat is always healthy!