A common measure is used to assess the ability to perceive the colors of any species that is a rainbow. When looking at the rainbow in the sky, an ordinary person will see 7: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and purple.
What about cats? Can cats see all seven colors of the rainbow like us?
Can your cat distinguish the same color band as you do? The cat is a lovely animal and studying this animal-related problem is something very interesting.
What colors to see is a long-term subject. The results confirmed: cats are not color blind as people still say. On the contrary, cats live in a colorful world.
Where does the cat’s sense of color come from?
The ability of animals to perceive and distinguish colors comes from the retina – the eye’s most concentrated nerve. Rods and cones are the two main types of cells that the retina of the eye has.
Rod cells function to give cats the ability to see in low light conditions like a night light. Cats have about 6-8 times more rod cells than humans, meaning they have great night vision. Moreover, rod cells allow them to feel the motion in the dark significantly better than humans.
Cones are the main factor that gives cats the ability to perceive and distinguish colors. Cat eyes have three types of cones that can determine the combination of red, blue and green. But compared to humans, the number of cat’s cone cells is only 1/10.
Therefore, we see all the colors not only of the ring bridge but all the shades of the colors. In contrast, cats do not seem to perceive the full range of colors than humans can.
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So what colors can cats see?
Dogs and cats are two animals that are very close to humans. Perhaps that is why they are the object for scientists to exploit a lot of scientific research. And the vision study of these two animals draws attention not only from our scientific community but also from ours.
Dogs are rumored to be color blind but actual experiments have shown that they actually see blue and yellow. Cats are also rumored to have a limited ability to see colors.
But the truth is not the same. Like dogs, even though they cannot perceive the rainbow’s full spectrum of colors, in addition to white and black, cats can see many other colors.
Biological studies conducted on the cat’s retina, especially cones, have shown clear results. The small number of cones makes the cat only see the shades of blue (blue, green).
In addition, cats don’t really see the color of the object clearly. The less sensitive to the changes in brightness makes cats impossible to recognize colors in the rich, brilliant tones that we make. Red and pink appear greener than cats thus causing more confusion for cats. Purple with sesame seeds is no different from another nuance of blue. Although cats can see those colors, they cannot see those colors at the same level and saturation as we can.
But don’t rush to underestimate that. Cats own a very special thing that even the scientists must be shocked. Cats sense and distinguish more than one hundred levels of gray at night. This is a great combination of cone and rod cells in the cat’s retina.
You intend to choose toys for your cat. Please pay attention because your cat will like yellow and blue toys more than red!
A few other interesting points about cat’s eyes
The ability to perceive colors is limited, but in return, cats have their own special abilities.
- Ability to see in the dark
Cats cannot see details as well as colors but they are very likely to be able to see clearly in the night sky thanks to 6 to 8 times the number of rod cells seen in human eyes.
Light sensitivity is what makes cats a “legendary night hunter”. The special structure of cat eyes makes it easy to distinguish prey or other objects at night.
The cat’s special cells are like a mirror reflecting light, thus helping light to interfere with each other. This causes the cat’s eyes to shine in the dark.
- Market (peripheral view)
This is the area where the eye can focus on looking at a single point including looking straight ahead, looking above and below and next to it. The unusual structure of the eyes, especially the retina and pupil, allows cats to have a peripheral vision of up to 200 degrees.
This is the ability to clearly see everything. Do you know that cats are nearsighted? This is a really funny thing and seems to increase the likeness of cats.
The average human eyesight is 10/10 while the eyesight of cats is in any situation are 2/10 and a maximum of 5/10. So if you really want to attract the attention of your lovely cat, you should stand right in front of it, where his or her vision is the biggest.
The world of cats is not only white or black. It is an affirmation that comes from skilled people. But after all, cats can fully feel that 7 colors of the rainbow are not very important to us, right?
Love and treat your cat well. That’s the important thing.